The influential families of Genoa
- Doria – one of the wealthiest and most powerful families in Genoa during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, involved in maritime trade, banking, and politics.
- Grimaldi – influential family in Genoa and later Monaco, involved in trade, politics, and military affairs.
- Spinola – powerful family involved in trade, banking, and politics, with members serving as ambassadors and holding high positions in government.
- Fieschi – one of the most powerful families in Genoa during the Middle Ages, involved in politics and military affairs, and played a significant role in the rise of the Republic of Genoa.
- Adorno – one of the leading families in Genoa during the Renaissance, involved in politics and trade.
- Cattaneo – prominent family involved in politics, trade, and banking, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Balbi – important family involved in trade and banking, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Durazzo – powerful family involved in politics and military affairs, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Cybo – influential family involved in politics, with members serving as cardinals and Pope Innocent VIII.
- Giustiniani – prominent family involved in trade, banking, and politics, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Lomellini – important family involved in politics, trade, and banking, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Pallavicini – prominent family involved in trade and banking, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Saluzzo – influential family involved in politics and military affairs, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Centurione – powerful family involved in trade and politics, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- De Mari – prominent family involved in politics and military affairs, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Imperiale – important family involved in trade, politics, and military affairs, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Lercari – influential family involved in politics, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Cambiaso – powerful family involved in trade, politics, and military affairs, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- De Franchi – prominent family involved in trade and politics, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
- Spinola di Pellicceria – important family involved in trade and banking, with members serving as doge of Genoa.
It’s worth noting that many of these families were involved in multiple areas of activity and held various positions of power and influence, making their impact on Genoese history and culture quite significant.
Explorers who changed the world as it was known
- Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) – explorer and navigator, credited with the discovery of the Americas.
- Andrea Doria (1466-1560) – admiral and statesman, played a significant role in the naval history of Genoa and the Mediterranean.
- Antoniotto Usodimare (c. 1416-1476) – navigator and explorer, known for his voyages to West Africa and the Canary Islands.
- Egidio de Vivaldo (c. 1460-1514) – explorer and navigator, known for his voyages to West Africa and the Canary Islands.
- Lancelotto Malocello (c. 1250-1312) – explorer and navigator, known for his voyages to the Canary Islands.
- Nicolò da Recco (c. 1480-1530) – navigator and explorer, known for his voyages to the New World and South America.
These explorers made significant contributions to the exploration and discovery of new lands and seas, and helped to expand the horizons of European knowledge and culture during the Renaissance and Age of Discovery.
10 international events that took place in Genoa:
- The Genoa Economic and Financial Conference – 1922
- G7 Summit – 1987
- Eurovision Song Contest – 1991
- G8 Summit – 2001
- World Youth Day – 2003
- Fencing World Championships – 2006
- Mediterranean Games – 1997
- Genoa International Boat Show – Annually since 1962
- Genoa Science Festival – Annually since 2003
- Genoa International Film Festival – Annually since 1983
- Genoa International Poetry Festival – Annually since 1961
It’s worth noting that the 2001 G8 Summit in Genoa was marred by violent clashes between protesters and police, resulting in the death of one protester and injuries to hundreds of others.
Famous visitors to Genoa, along with their occupation and period of visit:
- Lord Byron – Poet and writer – Early 19th century
- Charles Dickens – Novelist – Mid 19th century
- Franz Liszt – Composer and pianist – Mid 19th century
- Stendhal – Writer and philosopher – Early 19th century
- Henry James – Novelist – Late 19th century
- Gustave Flaubert – Writer – Mid 19th century
- Mark Twain – Writer and humorist – Late 19th century
- Friedrich Nietzsche – Philosopher and writer – Late 19th century
- Richard Wagner – Composer and conductor – Mid 19th century
- Thomas Mann – Novelist – Early 20th century
- Ernest Hemingway – Writer – Mid 20th century
- Wassily Kandinsky – Painter and art theorist – Early 20th century
- Peter Paul Rubens – Painter – Late 16th century
- Albert Einstein – Physicist – Early 20th century
- Victor Hugo – Writer – Mid 19th century
- Claude Monet – Painter – visited Liguria in Late 19th/Early 20th century
- Auguste Renoir – Painter – Late 19th/Early 20th century
- Guy de Maupassant – French writer
- Paul Valery – French poet and essayist
- Paul Klee – Swiss-German artist
- Sigmund Freud – Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis
- L’Imperatrice Sissi – Empress Elisabeth of Austria (also known as Sisi or Sissi)
- Giacomo Casanova – Italian adventurer and author
- Giuseppe Verdi – Italian composer
- Joseph Conrad – Polish-British novelist
- Michelangelo – Italian sculptor, painter, and architect
- Arthur Rimbaud – French poet
- Thomas Chaucer – English author and diplomat, son of Geoffrey Chaucer
- Dante Alighieri – Italian poet, writer, and philosopher
- Luca Cambiaso (1527-1585) – painter and draftsman
- Giovan Battista Paggi (1554-1627) – painter
- Orazio Gentileschi (1563-1639) – painter
- Bernardo Strozzi (1581-1644) – painter
- Giovanni Andrea Ansaldo (1584-1638) – painter
- Bartolomeo Guidobono (1654-1709) – painter
- Gregorio De Ferrari (1647-1726) – painter
- Lorenzo De Ferrari (1680-1744) – painter
- Nicolò Barabino (1832-1891) – painter
- Cristoforo De Amicis (1567-1640) – painter and architect
- Domenico Fiasella (1589-1669) – painter
- Gioacchino Assereto (1600-1649) – painter
- Benedetto Castiglione (1616-1670) – painter and engraver
- Giuseppe Taddei (1916-2010) – opera singer and director
- Fabrizio De André (1940-1999) – singer-songwriter and poet
- Nicolò Paganini (1782-1840) – violinist and composer
- Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805) – cellist and composer
- Michele Novaro (1818-1885) – composer and musician
- Angelo Francesco Lavagnino (1909-1987) – composer and conductor
- Filippo De Pisis (1896-1956) – painter
- Luciano Berio (1925-2003) – composer
- Eugenio Montale (1896-1981) – poet and writer
- Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805) – cellist and composer
- Filippo De Pisis (1896-1956) – painter
These Genovese artists and musicians have made significant contributions to the cultural heritage of Genoa and beyond, and have left their mark on the city’s artistic and musical traditions. From Baroque and classical painters to modern-day musicians and composers, their works can be found in museums, concert halls, and theaters throughout the city and beyond.
Genovese with a military importance
- Guglielmo Embriaco (c. 1040 – c. 1102): Also known as William of Gibelet, Embriaco was a Genoese naval and military leader who played a crucial role in the First Crusade.
- Oberto Doria (c. 1229 – 1306) was a prominent Genovese admiral, statesman, and member of the powerful Doria family. Oberto Doria, along with Oberto Spinola, served as co-captains of the people during the early days of the Genovese Republic. Doria played a key role in the naval battles of the 13th century, including the Battle of Meloria in 1284, in which the Genovese fleet defeated the Pisan fleet, leading to Genoa’s dominance over the western Mediterranean Sea.
- Lamba Doria (c. 1245 – 1323) was a Genovese admiral and member of the influential Doria family. He is best known for commanding the Genoese fleet in the Battle of Curzola, which took place on September 9, 1298, near the island of Korčula in present-day Croatia. During the battle, the Genoese fleet, led by Lamba Doria, faced the Venetian fleet, commanded by Andrea Dandolo. The two maritime powers, the Republic of Genoa and the Republic of Venice, were competing for dominance in the Mediterranean Sea. The Genoese fleet achieved a decisive victory over the Venetians. Marco Polo, the famous Venetian explorer, was captured during the Battle of Curzola and taken prisoner by the victorious Genoese. He was imprisoned in Genoa (in Palazzo San Giorgio), where he would dictate the stories of his travels to a fellow prisoner, Rustichello da Pisa. This eventually led to the creation of “The Travels of Marco Polo,” a book that introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China.
- Simone Boccanegra (1301 – 1363): The first Doge of Genoa, Boccanegra was a political leader and admiral who helped consolidate Genoese control over the Mediterranean during his rule.
- Andrea Doria (1466 – 1560): A prominent Genovese admiral and statesman, Doria commanded the combined Holy League fleet against the Ottoman Empire during the Battle of Preveza in 1538.
- Gianandrea Doria (1539 – 1606): A Genovese admiral and nobleman, Doria was the great-nephew of Andrea Doria. He served as a commander in the Genoese navy and played an important role in the Battle of Lepanto in 1571 as part of the Holy League fleet against the Ottoman Empire.
These individuals played important roles in the military history of Genoa and Italy, and contributed to the defense and expansion of Genoa’s power and influence in the Mediterranean.
The Staglieno Cemetery in Genoa, Italy is considered one of the most important cemeteries in Europe and is known for its outstanding examples of funerary art and sculpture. It was designed by the architect Carlo Barabino in the early 19th century and is located on a hill overlooking the city of Genoa.
The cemetery of 1 square kilometer (250 acres) is home to approximately 1115’000 tombs and graves, and many of them are works of art in their own right. The graves range from simple, modest designs to elaborate mausoleums and sculptures created by some of the most prominent artists of the time. The cemetery features a wide variety of architectural styles, including neo-Gothic, neo-Classical, Art Nouveau, and Art Deco.
The Staglieno Cemetery is also known for its historical significance. Many of the graves are dedicated to prominent Genoese families, and the cemetery provides a glimpse into the social and cultural history of the city. Some of the most important figures of Genoa’s past are buried here, including politicians, artists, writers, and military leaders.
In addition to its cultural and historical significance, the Staglieno Cemetery is also an important tourist destination and a source of inspiration for artists, poets, and writers. The cemetery’s peaceful atmosphere, stunning architecture, and beautiful sculptures make it a unique and unforgettable experience for visitors.
Overall, the Staglieno Cemetery is a testament to the rich artistic and cultural heritage of Genoa, and it continues to inspire and captivate people from all over the world.